OCAO created this guidance for NOAA employees to provide basic information on the key differences between the EAR and ITAR laws and regulations. There is, however, no substitute for reading the actual statutes, regulations, and supporting agency documents. Consult with the Bureau of Industry and Security or the State Department for specific regulatory questions. NOAA offices should direct questions regarding ITAR to their servicing NOAA Office of General Counsel division.
The U.S. Government views the sale, export, and re-transfer of defense articles and defense services as an integral part of safeguarding U.S. national security and furthering U.S. foreign policy objectives. The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC), in accordance with 22 U.S.C. 2778-2780 of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) (22 CFR Parts 120-130), is charged with controlling the export and temporary import of defense articles and defense services covered by the United States Munitions List (USML).